All Congolese are equal before the law and have the right to equal protection by the law.
No Congolese person may, in matters of education or access to public functions or any other
matter, be subject to any discriminatory measure, whether it results from a statute or from a
measure of the executive, on the ground of his/her religion, family origin, social condition,
residence, views or political convictions, or membership of a certain race, ethnicity, tribe,
cultural or linguistic minority.
The State has the duty to ensure and promote the peaceful and harmonious coexistence of all ethnic groups of the country. It also ensures the protection and promotion of vulnerable groups and of all minorities. It ensures their development.
All Congolese have the right to peace and security on the national as well as on the international level. No individual or group of individuals may use part of the national territory as a basis for subversive or terrorist activities against the Congolese State or any other State.
The respect of human rights and fundamental liberties guaranteed by the Constitution is incumbent on the public authorities and all persons.
In no case, not even when the state of siege or the state of emergency has been proclaimed in
accordance with Articles 87 and 88 of this Constitution, is a derogation admissible from the
following rights and fundamental principles:
– The right to life;
– The prohibition of torture and of cruel, inhumane or degrading punishment or treatment;
– The prohibition of slavery and servitude;
– The principle of legality of offenses and penalties;
– The right to defense and the right to a remedy;
– The prohibition of imprisonment for debt;
– The freedom of thought, of conscience and religion.
The National Police is charged with public security, the security of persons and goods, the maintenance and restoration of public order as well as the special protection of the high authorities.
The Armed Forces consist of the land forces, air forces, naval forces and their assistance services. They have the mission to defend the integrity of the national territory and the borders. Under the conditions prescribed by law, they take part, in times of peace, in the economic, social and
cultural development as well as the protection of persons and their goods.
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